The African Butterflyfish Pantodon buchholzi is a unique and fascinating freshwater fish from Africa. It is also known as the Freshwater Butterflyfish. The Butterfly fish was Introduced to European aquarists in 1905 and is the only member of its species, and its family. They are predator type fish, found in weedy pools of slow moving waters. There they will lie at the surface, almost motionless, waiting for unsuspecting prey to pass by.
The Freshwater Butterflyfish is called a “Butterfly fish” because when seen from above, its widespread pectoral fins look just like the decorative wings of a butterfly. These fins are a silvery brownish green and patterned with dark markings. They are very pretty, but are also a wonderful feature for this fish. They help this fish leap from the water to capture terrestrial insects from above the surface. When these large fins are spread out, they allow this fish to glide short distances across the surface of the water. This is very much in the same manner as the saltwater flying fish.